British ceramics manufacturer and political writer.
Co-owner and manager of a hard-paste porcelain factory in Bristol, England. Made medallions of Franklin and George Washington (1780). Joint deputy paymaster of the British army (1782-84). Political liberal; friend of Edmund Burke. Author of two works on Anglo-American commercial relations (1784, 1787). Immigrated to Camden, South Carolina (1784). Member of the South Carolina legislature (1789) and delegate to the state constitutional convention (1790).
Quaker. Married Judith Lloyd (1764); six children.
xxxiii, 207n; DNB; G. H. Guttridge, ed., The American Correspondence of a Bristol Merchant, 1766-1776 (Berkeley, London, 1934), pp. 1-8; N. Louise Bailey and Elizabeth Ivey Cooper, Biographical Directory of the South Carolina House of Representatives (4 vols., Columbia, SC., 1974-84), iii, 136-8.