Howe, Richard, Earl Howe (1726-1799)

British naval officer and politician.

Participated with Franklin in secret negotiations to avoid war (1774-75). Met with Franklin and John Adams in New Jersey in a final, futile attempt to affect reconciliation between England and the colonies (September 1776).

Commander-in-chief of the British Navy in North America (1776-78).

Born in London. Married in 1758 to Mary Hartopp.