Condorcet, Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas Caritat, marquis de (1743-1794)

Mathematician and writer.

Received a religious education before studying mathematics at Paris (1758). Admitted as a geometrician to the Académie des sciences (1769).

Became assistant to the permanent secretary (1773). Named inspecteur des monnais (1774). Wrote the biographies of the members of the Academy (1773-93). Admitted to the Académie française (1782). Named permanent secretary of the Academy of Sciences (1785).

Very active during the French Revolution. Elected vice-president and president of the Assemblée législative (1791). Arrested and imprisoned (1794). Poisoned himself in his cell.

Born in Ribemont, l’Aisne.