Irvine, James (1735-1819)

Pennsylvania army officer and legislator.

Worked as a hatter in Philadelphia. Militia captain (1763); served in Seven Years’ War. Lieutenant colonel in Continental Army (1775); resigned (1777). Brigadier general (1777), then major general (1782) in the Pennsylvania militia. Wounded and captured in battle near Philadelphia (December 1777); released (1781). Member of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania (1782-85). Pennsylvania assemblyman (1785-86).

Son of George and Mary (Rush) Irvine of Philadelphia.

First letter in correspondence: September 19, 1785; DAB; John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes, American National Biography (24 vols., New York, 1999).