Patriot, soldier, physician.
Studied medicine and set up a successful practice. Elected to the Georgia Assembly (1755); speaker (1768-70).
Captured by the British (1778). On his exchange went to Philadelphia where he represented Georgia in Congress until 1782.
Returned to Georgia and again became speaker of the Assembly. President of the Georgia state constitutional convention and of the Georgia Medical Society.
Correspondence with Franklin was largely in connection with Franklin's capacity as agent in England for Georgia.
Born near London. His father, Noble, was a prominent early settler of Georgia, and the family was well connected to such influential figures as James Oglethorpe, under whom Jones served in the state militia.
Married Sarah Davis; six children.