Continental army officer.
Major in the Pennsylvania Battalion of the Flying Camp (1776). Served with distinction. Aide-de-camp to General Nathanael Greene (January 1777). Severely wounded in the right shoulder (summer 1777); retired from active service (January 1778).
Auditor of the Continental Army (1778-79). Also did intelligence work. Later married and settled in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, as a lawyer.