Practiced law in Liverpool. Immigrated to Pennsylvania in the 1730s and established a law practice there. Judge of the Pennsylvania vice-admiralty courts. Secretary of the Pennsylvania land office.
Son of Ralph and Esther (Preeson) Peters of Liverpool, England; brother of Rev. Richard Peters of Philadelphia. Married (1) Elizabeth Bayley; four children. Married (2) Mary Brientnall (1744); children included Richard Peters (1744-1828).