Traveled to England to study art (c. 1788); studied with Wright of Derby and Benjamin West. Returned to Philadelphia briefly (c. 1793), then settled in England. Engraved landscapes for British magazines; his works included depictions of several public buildings in Philadelphia. Also published books on English history and travel. Fellow of the Antiquarian Society.
First letter in correspondence: March 26, 1787; David McNeely Stauffer, American Engravers upon Copper and Steel (2 vols., New York, 1907), i, 170-1; Michael Bryan, Dictionary of Painters and Engravers (5 vols., New York, 1903-05), iii, 271.