Anglican clergyman in Virginia before the Revolution.
By his own account, he was the chaplain to two North Carolina regiments in the American service, was captured, and brought to England.
Arrived in Paris. The American Commissioners recommended him, but he did not serve, as chaplain aboard Abraham Whipple’s frigate Providence (June 1778).
Went to Nantes, sailed for America, was captured, brought to Jersey, and found his way to Paris. Served for several months as Arthur Lee’s secretary.
Returned to Virginia. Suspected of being an imposter or spy, and was charged with treasonable activities (August 1779).