Studied medicine at the University of Vienna (M.D. 1776). Asked Franklin’s advice about entering American military service (April 1777). Said to have been commissioned surgeon on the continental frigate Randolph and to have been killed in an explosion (March 1778); records indicate that he was not the ship’s surgeon but he may have served aboard the Randolph in another capacity.
Son of Joseph T. Cauffman of Philadelphia, of a wealthy German Catholic family.