Secretary to the Board of Treasury (1779-80), soldier, and jurist.
Studied law under John Jay.
Lieutenant in the Continental Army (1776). Aide-de-camp to Brigadier general Woodhull. Captured at Jamaica Pass (August 1776). After a brief imprisonment, he was exchanged and joined the army in New Jersey.
Promoted to lieutenant-colonel (1777). Associated with the staff of General Horatio Gates. Secretary of the Board of War (1778-79).
Completed his studies and practiced law in Albany and New York City. Elected to New York Assembly. Appointed judge of the United States district court of New York (1796).