Studied in Philadelphia before traveling to Edinburgh with his relative Benjamin Rush to pursue medical studies (1766).
Shortly after his arrival in Edinburgh returned to Philadelphia upon receiving word that his fiancée, Grace Richardson, was gravely ill.
Received his medical degree at the College of Philadelphia (1768). Practiced in Reading. Actively served with the American forces (1776-80). Deputy director general of the hospitals in the Northern (1777) and Middle (1778-80) Departments.
Born at “Popodickon,” Colebrookdale, Berks County, Pennsylvania. Son of Franklin’s friend John Potts. Married in 1767 to Grace Richardson.