South Carolina physician and botanist.
Immigrated to South Carolina (c. 1752-53) and practiced medicine with distinction. Traveled to New York and Philadelphia (1754); met Cadwallader Colden, John Bartram, and Franklin. Corresponded with John Ellis, Linnaeus, and numerous other naturalists. Corresponding member of Royal Society (1755), fellow (1773); member, Royal Society of Upsala (1763). Loyalist in Revolution. Moved to England (1783).
Son of Rev. Alexander Garden of Aberdeenshire. Educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen (M.D. 1753). Married Elizabeth Peronneau (1755).