Physician, writer, horticulturist, and agent for Virginia.
Settled in London as a wine merchant. Moved to Virginia (1773). Experimented with the raising of various fruits.
Sent to Europe by Governor Patrick Henry in an unsuccessful attempt to secure loans for Virginia (1779). Returned to America (1783).
Sailed for Europe (1785). Served the king of Poland and became a pensioner of the czar of Russia.
Born in Poggio-a-Caino in Tuscany. Studied in Italy Alternate form of the name: Mazzei, Filippo. Married in 1774 to Marie Martin. Married c. 1796, name unknown.